Will Free Compulsory Education Possible In A Maoist Conflict Area?

By Jyoti Sonia Dhan

Jharkhandmirror.org

25 January, 2010

The Child Right to Education Bill 2009 which was passed by Parliament in last August 2009, which speaks about the free and compulsory education to all children between 6 to 14 years. On other hand there was nation wide campaign by Child rights organization CRY for “saman shiksha sabko shiksa”. Both tell about education to all children. In states of Jharkhand, Bihar and few areas of West Bengal and Orissa there are security forces set up their camps in the schools of the Maoist affected area for longer period of time like 10 years or more. This has resulted in blowing up of the school by Maoist, which caused wide spread damaged to school especially in the Palamua and Chatra district of Jharkhand.

The high school of Telumath village of Nimdih block of Sareikela district at Jharkhand has the security forces in their attention position right from the top of the building to play ground. And huge trenches dug all around the school campus. It makes one wonder how the children in that school were able to study. The report by Human rights watch on “sabotaging school” narrates about the child right violence in the schools of Maoist affected area.

The rooms occupied by the security forces reduce the class room to lesser areas or under the tree in the school premises. On one hand there are child rights activist demanding for infrastructure development in schools but here it is seems of no use. The kitchen was occupied for preparation of meal for security person hence mid day meal for children is not possible. Even the toilets were occupied which creates the children to go outside in the open areas. So do the other facilities in the schools, even the Voluntary education committee become defunct?

When there is campaign for girl child education by child rights organization how it can be assured that parents will send their daughters aged 6 to 14 years to school. There is a fear and hesitant by the parents of being sexual harassed by security person or  police and in the school or their children can be tagged as Maoist. Will these security force will provide the safe environment to the children.

The report from Human right watch on “sabotaging school” says that children live in fearful condition when they come to school. Sometimes the security person points out the gun to children in order to create threat. Even children cannot play freely during their recess time.

The statistic of education of Jharkhand as of 2001 speaks about the high drop out rate, and less enrollment from most marginalized section. Adding to quality of education there are no books distributed, teachers engaged in non teaching jobs, no subject wise teachers, less number of classrooms, no midday meal and absent of enrollment of girl child. In order to address these issues “Sarva Shihska Abhiyan” was taking pace in all the areas. Many schools were upgraded to middle school and high school in the schedule tribe dominated areas. This is to encourage and to include marginalize community into education.

Now, the question comes how it will be possible when the schools are boomed and parents fear to send their children as there is police or security person there, who at any moment of time might call any of the tribal children as Maoist. (As the humour which circulates now days that all tribals can be Maoist in the Maoist affected area.)

It is quite sure that at any moment of time Child Right to free compulsory education is violated and also the other child right too. There should be some mechanism to make all children to school without threat. The government should think of alternative place for camps. The alternative does not mean to make camps to education or health centres which are basic facility centres were common villagers interacts everyday.

So, above all the core message is that these security forces are there to provide security to common people in the Maoist area and not to create destructor. The Indian constitutional mandate has to be followed when moving out from schools. Hoping the Indian constitutional of child right education of free compulsory education can be visible at the ground level too. 

The Child Right to Education Bill 2009 which was passed by Parliament in last August 2009, which speaks about the free and compulsory education to all children between 6 to 14 years. On other hand there was nation wide campaign by Child rights organization CRY for “saman shiksha sabko shiksa”. Both tell about education to all children. In states of Jharkhand, Bihar and few areas of West Bengal and Orissa there are security forces set up their camps in the schools of the Maoist affected area for longer period of time like 10 years or more. This has resulted in blowing up of the school by Maoist, which caused wide spread damaged to school especially in the Palamua and Chatra district of Jharkhand.

The high school of Telumath village of Nimdih block of Sareikela district at Jharkhand has the security forces in their attention position right from the top of the building to play ground. And huge trenches dug all around the school campus. It makes one wonder how the children in that school were able to study. The report by Human rights watch on “sabotaging school” narrates about the child right violence in the schools of Maoist affected area.

The rooms occupied by the security forces reduce the class room to lesser areas or under the tree in the school premises. On one hand there are child rights activist demanding for infrastructure development in schools but here it is seems of no use. The kitchen was occupied for preparation of meal for security person hence mid day meal for children is not possible. Even the toilets were occupied which creates the children to go outside in the open areas. So do the other facilities in the schools, even the Voluntary education committee become defunct?

When there is campaign for girl child education by child rights organization how it can be assured that parents will send their daughters aged 6 to 14 years to school. There is a fear and hesitant by the parents of being sexual harassed by security person or  police and in the school or their children can be tagged as Maoist. Will these security force will provide the safe environment to the children.

The report from Human right watch on “sabotaging school” says that children live in fearful condition when they come to school. Sometimes the security person points out the gun to children in order to create threat. Even children cannot play freely during their recess time.

The statistic of education of Jharkhand as of 2001 speaks about the high drop out rate, and less enrollment from most marginalized section. Adding to quality of education there are no books distributed, teachers engaged in non teaching jobs, no subject wise teachers, less number of classrooms, no midday meal and absent of enrollment of girl child. In order to address these issues “Sarva Shihska Abhiyan” was taking pace in all the areas. Many schools were upgraded to middle school and high school in the schedule tribe dominated areas. This is to encourage and to include marginalize community into education.

Now, the question comes how it will be possible when the schools are boomed and parents fear to send their children as there is police or security person there, who at any moment of time might call any of the tribal children as Maoist. (As the humour which circulates now days that all tribals can be Maoist in the Maoist affected area.)

It is quite sure that at any moment of time Child Right to free compulsory education is violated and also the other child right too. There should be some mechanism to make all children to school without threat. The government should think of alternative place for camps. The alternative does not mean to make camps to education or health centres which are basic facility centres were common villagers interacts everyday.

So, above all the core message is that these security forces are there to provide security to common people in the Maoist area and not to create destructor. The Indian constitutional mandate has to be followed when moving out from schools. Hoping the Indian constitutional of child right education of free compulsory education can be visible at the ground level too.

Jyoti Sonia Dhan is a Social Activist.



Categories: General

1 reply

  1. धन्यमवाद ज्योति आपने अत्यंत ही महत्वापूर्ण समस्या को समाज के सामने रखा है। आदिवासी बच्चों की सामान्य्, सरल, खुशमय और भयमुक्त वातारवण में शिक्षा–हक का सारे आम हरण हो रहा है। यह निहायत ही निंदनीय स्थिति है, जिसके लिए ह्रदयहीन और दिशाहीन प्रशासन जिम्मेदार है। हिंसक नक्सलवादी भी कम जिम्मेदार नहीं है आदिवासी बच्चों को शिक्षा से महरूम करने में। लेकिन प्रशासन इसलिए भी अधिक जिम्मेदार हैं, क्योंकि स्कूलों में बंदूकों और बरूदों के ढेर लगाने के लिए उसने ही संवेदनहीन और दिशाहीन आदेश दे रखा है। सवाल यह है कि पारामिलिटरी को क्यों स्कूलों के दीवारों की सुरक्षा चाहिए ? यदि लम्बे् समय तक वह हिंसक नक्सलवादियों से लोहा लेना चाहती है तो उसके लिए वह सभी तरह के साजोसमान क्यों जुटा कर नहीं रखती है ? पारामिलिटरी को रखने के लिए सरकार क्यों स्कूलों का ही चयन करती है। ऐसे आदेश आखिर किसकी सहमति से दी जाती है ? अक्सर देखा जाता है कि नक्सलवादियों के नाम पर खाना पूर्ति करने के लिए पारामिलि‍टरी आम आदिवासियों को नक्सली घोषित करके मानवाधिकारों का गंभीर हनन करता हैं। ऐसे में लडके–लडकियों को इन स्कूकलों में भेजना अत्यंत खतरनाक है। रक्षकों का भक्षक बनने की अंतहीन कहानियॉं और इतिहास मौजूद है। अपने गैरकानूनी हिंसक व्यवहार को छुपाने के लिए भी पारामिलिटरी किसी को भी नक्सली घोषित कर सकते हैं। इसकी जिम्मेदारी किसकी होगी यदि निरापराध मासूम इन स्कूलों में जा कर हिंसा का शिकार होते हैं? सरकार की इस तरह की नासमझी से आम आदिवासी सरकार के खिलाफ और नक्सदलियों के समर्थक बन जाऍं तो आश्चर्य नहीं होना चाहिए। आदिवासी अंचलों को नक्स्लवादी यदि पिछडे अंचल में बदलने के लिए कोई कोर कसर बाकी नहीं रख रहे हैं तो ये सरकारी सुरक्षाबल भी नयी पीढी को अनपढ बनाए रखने में अपना सरकारी भूमिका निभा रहे हैं।
    निश्चसय ही संविधान के नाम पर काम करने वाला प्रशासन इस तर‍ह की विकट परिस्थिति के निर्माण के लिए दोषी माना जाएगा।
    http://madhubaganiar.wordpress.com

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